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Common Dental Procedures Explained

 

There are many different dental procedures that can be performed to maintain good oral health or to treat various dental problems. Here is an overview of some common dental procedures:

These procedures include: dental cleanings, which involve removing plaque and tartar from the teeth to maintain good oral hygiene; cavity fillings, which involve filling a hole in a tooth caused by decay; crowns, which are used to restore the function and appearance of a damaged or decayed tooth; bridges, which are used to replace missing teeth; extractions, which involve removing a tooth from the mouth; root canals, which involve removing infected or damaged tissue from inside a tooth; dentures, which are removable prosthetic devices used to replace missing teeth; and orthodontic treatment, which involves using braces or other appliances to straighten teeth and correct the bite. It is important to visit a dental professional regularly to maintain good oral health and address any dental problems that may arise.

  1. Dental cleanings: A dental cleaning, also known as a prophylaxis, is a routine procedure that involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth, and tartar is a hard deposit that forms when plaque is not removed. Dental cleanings are important for maintaining good oral hygiene and preventing tooth decay and gum disease.
  2. Cavity fillings: A cavity is a hole in the tooth that is caused by tooth decay. A filling is a procedure in which a dental professional removes the decayed portion of the tooth and fills the hole with a material such as amalgam (a mixture of metals) or composite resin (a plastic material). Fillings are used to restore the function and structure of the tooth and prevent further decay.
  3. Crowns: A crown is a type of dental restoration that covers the entire surface of a tooth that is above the gum line. Crowns can be made of materials such as porcelain, ceramic, or metal. They are used to restore the function and appearance of a tooth that is damaged or decayed.
  4. Bridges: A dental bridge is a fixed prosthetic device that is used to replace one or more missing teeth. A bridge consists of a false tooth (called a pontic) that is anchored to crowns on either side of the missing tooth. The crowns are placed on the adjacent teeth, and the pontic is suspended between them to fill the gap left by the missing tooth.
  5. Extractions: A tooth extraction is a procedure in which a tooth is removed from the mouth. Extractions may be necessary if a tooth is severely decayed, infected, or damaged, or if there is not enough room in the mouth for the tooth.
  6. Root canals: A root canal is a procedure in which the infected or damaged tissue inside the tooth (called the pulp) is removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Root canals are usually necessary when the pulp becomes infected or damaged and cannot heal on its own.
  7. Dentures: Dentures are removable prosthetic devices that are used to replace missing teeth. There are two types of dentures: full dentures, which replace all of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw, and partial dentures, which replace some of the teeth. Dentures are made of acrylic resin and are custom-made to fit the mouth.
  8. Orthodontic treatment: Orthodontic treatment is a type of dental treatment that involves the use of braces or other appliances to straighten the teeth and correct the bite. Orthodontic treatment can be used to improve the appearance of the teeth and the function of the mouth.

In summary, there are many different dental procedures that can be performed to maintain good oral health or to treat various dental problems. These procedures include dental cleanings, cavity fillings, crowns, bridges, extractions, root canals, dentures, and orthodontic treatment. It is important to visit a dental professional regularly to maintain good oral health and to address any dental problems that may arise.

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